Pathology, or, in current nomenclature, Laboratory Medicine has been the backstage department in healthcare which gives silent support to clinicians. Lab Medicine has various specializations, such as Pathology, Biochemistry, and Microbiology. In a Pathology Laboratory, there are doctors who have specialized in one of the Laboratory Medicine subjects, a technical team that perform the tests on the bench, and researchers who hold a Ph.D. in basic science subjects.
After completing your MBBS, you can specialise in Pathology, Microbiology or Biochemistry. In this era of specialisation, most Pathologists super specialise in Hemato-pathology, Histopathology, Cytopathology or Molecular Pathology. Some pathologists still continue to be general pathologists who work in haematology, clinical pathology and cytopathology, and manage the Department of Medicine in smaller healthcare setups. The Clinical Biochemists form the backbone of the laboratory and report all the biochemical tests which help in the diagnosis of thyroid, kidney, and liver diseases to name a few. The Clinical Microbiologists are at the helm of managing the diagnosis of all the infectious diseases such as HIV, hepatitis, urinary tract infection, typhoid, tuberculosis, SARS, and Cov2. They also formulate and manage the infection control practices of hospitals and play a crucial role in the management of outbreaks like the Covid-19 outbreak.
The role of Laboratory Medicine in the post Covid-19 era will be very interesting, especially for the Infectious Disease and Clinical Microbiology specialists.
Read the full article here in our July 2020 issue.